In the 19th century the coffee business was booming. The only problem was that people had to wait ridiculous amounts of time for their coffee to be brewed. Immediately inventors across Europe began testing different machines to reduce brewing time. While there were many different models introduced during the time, Angelo Moriondo, of Italy is credited for the invention of the espresso machine. The machine consisted of a large boiler that pushed hot water through a large bed of grounds on command. It was the first coffee machine to use both water and steam. Moriondo never sold any machines nor are there any photographs that exist. The only evidence we have of his work is his patent. Eventually multiple inventors took Moriondo’s design and improved upon it.